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Research Roundup, August 20

By .(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address) on August 20, 2014

The Research Behind Social and Emotional Learning Edutopia

How do you encourage students to practice social and emotional learning (SEL) in the classroom? Students who receive SEL as a part of their instruction score “11 percentile points higher on academic tasks and demonstrated more motivation to learn, including spending more time on homework,” according to a meta-analysis. For many vulnerable students, SEL boosts confidence, perseverance, and creativity to succeed.

Aligning Learning and Health: A New Framework to Change the Conversation Forbes

Poor nutrition and inactive children—this is not what our students should be dealing with today. Focusing on “whole child,” education, this framework puts the child in the center when it comes to learning. Although physical health is just one aspect of the “whole child” model, it’s a start in the conversation around education beyond pure academics.

Teaching is Not a Business NY Times Opinion

Reading and math metrics, teacher quotas,  and student merit pay aren’t the solutions to the kind of education reform we need, according to an opinion in the NY Times. Today’s strategies include too much business, and perhaps all students are looking for is just a bit of a personal touch to their learning—whether it’s trust among the school community or having a mentor along the way—the answer may be less of an entrepreneurial endeavor than we think.

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Research Roundup, August 13

By .(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address) on August 13, 2014

War Not Won, but Bullying, School Violence Have Declined Online Athens
The National Center for Education Statistics released numbers that indicate reported instances school violence has declined 74% over a course of 20 years, but educators and researchers acknowledge that the problem has not been resolved. A decline in bullying has also been evident, and schools and organizations are investigating to find out what more can be done to create a positive school climate.

White Students No Longer to Be Majority in School ABC News
Make more room for diversity—The National Center for Education Statistics releases more numbers for this fall: although white students are still the largest racial group, non-Hispanic white students make up 49.8% in U.S. public schools, while the total group of minority students become the majority. The reality of these demographics suggests the need to address “issues of immigration, poverty, diversity, and inequity.”

33 States Don't Protect LGBT Students in Anti-Bullying Laws Vox
Yes, it’s still legal for school personnel to discriminate against LGBT students in many states, and several of them do not include LGBT students in their anti-bullying policies. GLSEN illustrates these states through several maps of enumerated anti-bullying laws, nondiscrimination laws, and “no promo homo” laws. How implementing laws against discrimination can help students know they are protected, respected, and treated equally.

Special-Education Overhaul Leaves Students Less Violated, but Schools Struggle to Keep up Chalkbeat NY
Students with special needs in New York City are bussed to distant schools in order to receive the appropriate services, but the city is now facing the importance of inclusion for all students through new special-education policies. Although this is a step closer to inclusion, schools are having a difficult time putting these policies into practice. Schools need the support to make inclusion a reality in their buildings.

Tests That Look Like Video Games nprEd
How do you get students to be excited to take a test? Researchers measure the mind to see how students learn and “how they make decisions and how they respond to feedback” using web-based games.  In order to do well in the games—or tests—you need to learn something to move on to the next level.  The game will record the steps it took for the student to get to the right or wrong answer. Ultimately, Dan Schwartz, director of the AAA Lab at Stanford University, believes “the goal of education is to create independent thinkers who make good decisions… we need assessments that test how students think, not what they happen to know at a given moment.”
 

Research Roundup, July 7

By .(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address) on July 07, 2014

To help or not to help: The homework question Deseret News: National Edition

Traditionally, part of good parenting is helping your kids with their homework, but new research says that might be detrimental to your child's academic performance.


When the Teacher Is Depressed NY Times

In a study published last month in the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, [Lieny] Jeon and her co-authors found that behavioral problems were more common among 3-year-olds whose teachers reported depressed mood than among preschoolers whose teachers were not depressed. Such behavioral problems include inattentiveness, aggressiveness, emotional reactivity and anxious or depressive symptoms. The authors of the study suggest a couple of possible explanations for the link between teachers’ depression and children’s behavior problems.


Ethical Considerations In A Three-tiered Approach To School Discipline Policy And Practice Psychology in the Schools

Research indicates that school discipline policies and practices have a significant influence on both student and school functioning. The purpose of this article is to uncover how the ethical standards guiding the field of school psychology inform school decisions about discipline in a three-tiered approach. Various discipline approaches, empirical research evaluating the effectiveness of these approaches, and the role of school psychologists in school discipline decision making are reviewed. Ultimately, this integration of theory, empirical research, and ethical standards points to the importance of creating comprehensive and individualized school discipline policies that apply ethically sound practices at all three tiers of intervention. Implications for practicing school psychologists are discussed.


Mayworm, A. M. and Sharkey, J. D. (2014), ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS IN A THREE-TIERED APPROACH TO SCHOOL DISCIPLINE POLICY AND PRACTICE. Psychol. Schs.. doi: 10.1002/pits.21782


Ed school to share in $5 million grant Evanston Now

Northwestern and two other schools will share a nearly $5 million grant to create a new national center to study how educational leaders -- including school district supervisors and principals -- use research when making decisions.


This Research Roundup was compiled by Chanelle Spencer, Research Fellow at NSCC

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Research Roundup, June 27

By .(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address) on June 27, 2014

The 5 R’s of Mindfulness: Incorporating mindfulness into everyday life Michigan State University Extension

Research shows the benefits of social and emotional learning for both youth and adults. According to the Collaborative for Academic, Social and Emotional Learning (CASEL), efforts that promote social and emotional learning improve young people’s academic success and overall health and wellbeing, while also reducing negative behaviors such as alcohol and drug use, violence and bullying. Learning to navigate stress and distressing emotions like anger, anxiety and fear is an important part of developing emotional resiliency.


'Kindness kits' meant to inspire younger students Upper Arlington News

Barrington Elementary School fifth-graders left a legacy for younger students earlier this month -- Kindness Kits to promote the school motto, "Work Hard, Be Kind." Parent and PTO member Tina Muldoon said the fifth-graders created kits filled with "tools that inspire and empower kids to make safe and kind choices" and gave one to each kindergarten through fourth-grade classroom.


Why It’s Imperative to Teach Empathy to Boys MindShift

While parents, researchers, and educators decry the lack of STEM toys for girls — and rightly so — what often goes unnoticed is that assigning genders to toys harms boys, as well. Too often children’s playrooms reinforce gender stereotypes that put boys at risk of failing to gain skills critical for success in life and work. The most important of these? Empathy.


This Research Roundup was compiled by Chanelle Spencer, Research Fellow at NSCC

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Research Roundup, June 23

By .(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address) on June 23, 2014

Teen Bullies, Victims Armed More Than Other Kids, Study Says HealthDay News

In an analysis of 45 studies involving more than 692,000 11- to 21-year-olds, researchers found that any person involved in bullying -- whether as a victim, a bully or a bully-victim -- had a higher chance of carrying weapons than those not involved in bullying. Victims of bullying who became bullies themselves were more likely to be armed than victims, particularly in the U.S. The findings appear in the journal JAMA Pediatrics.

Youth Leaders Are Fighting for Social Justice and Inclusion Through Sports Huffington Post

Sports are a big deal…Project UNIFY is a youth-led movement, meaning that high school and university-aged students have the unique power to positively impact their school communities by promoting social inclusion…Special Olympics is the quintessential social justice movement. There was a problem -- people with intellectual disabilities were marginalized and treated unfairly -- and now there is a solution.


City preparing to expand restorative justice programs Chalkbeat NY

The city is poised to dramatically expand restorative justice programs aimed at improving school climate and rethinking school discipline next year. The head of the Department of Education’s Office of Safety and Youth Development verbally committed to provide new support for restorative justice programs at a meeting about school discipline issues…the agreement represents the administration’s first step toward enacting discipline policy changes that Chancellor Carmen Fariña and Mayor Bill de Blasio have both called for.


Zero-tolerance behavior policies in schools prove harmful, study says Deseret News: National Edition

Schools that focus resources on improving the learning environment lessen cases of misbehavior faster and more effectively than schools that focus on discipline, according to new research. A study released June 4 by the Council of State Governments Justice Center reported that the number of students breaking rules declined dramatically in schools that focused on preventative measures like ensuring a positive and inviting learning environment. Whereas schools that maintained or increased punishment for broken rules saw no change in student behavior.


This Research Roundup was compiled by Chanelle Spencer, Research Fellow at NSCC

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