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Research Roundup, August 20

By .(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address) on August 20, 2014

The Research Behind Social and Emotional Learning Edutopia

How do you encourage students to practice social and emotional learning (SEL) in the classroom? Students who receive SEL as a part of their instruction score “11 percentile points higher on academic tasks and demonstrated more motivation to learn, including spending more time on homework,” according to a meta-analysis. For many vulnerable students, SEL boosts confidence, perseverance, and creativity to succeed.

Aligning Learning and Health: A New Framework to Change the Conversation Forbes

Poor nutrition and inactive children—this is not what our students should be dealing with today. Focusing on “whole child,” education, this framework puts the child in the center when it comes to learning. Although physical health is just one aspect of the “whole child” model, it’s a start in the conversation around education beyond pure academics.

Teaching is Not a Business NY Times Opinion

Reading and math metrics, teacher quotas,  and student merit pay aren’t the solutions to the kind of education reform we need, according to an opinion in the NY Times. Today’s strategies include too much business, and perhaps all students are looking for is just a bit of a personal touch to their learning—whether it’s trust among the school community or having a mentor along the way—the answer may be less of an entrepreneurial endeavor than we think.

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Research Roundup, August 13

By .(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address) on August 13, 2014

War Not Won, but Bullying, School Violence Have Declined Online Athens
The National Center for Education Statistics released numbers that indicate reported instances school violence has declined 74% over a course of 20 years, but educators and researchers acknowledge that the problem has not been resolved. A decline in bullying has also been evident, and schools and organizations are investigating to find out what more can be done to create a positive school climate.

White Students No Longer to Be Majority in School ABC News
Make more room for diversity—The National Center for Education Statistics releases more numbers for this fall: although white students are still the largest racial group, non-Hispanic white students make up 49.8% in U.S. public schools, while the total group of minority students become the majority. The reality of these demographics suggests the need to address “issues of immigration, poverty, diversity, and inequity.”

33 States Don't Protect LGBT Students in Anti-Bullying Laws Vox
Yes, it’s still legal for school personnel to discriminate against LGBT students in many states, and several of them do not include LGBT students in their anti-bullying policies. GLSEN illustrates these states through several maps of enumerated anti-bullying laws, nondiscrimination laws, and “no promo homo” laws. How implementing laws against discrimination can help students know they are protected, respected, and treated equally.

Special-Education Overhaul Leaves Students Less Violated, but Schools Struggle to Keep up Chalkbeat NY
Students with special needs in New York City are bussed to distant schools in order to receive the appropriate services, but the city is now facing the importance of inclusion for all students through new special-education policies. Although this is a step closer to inclusion, schools are having a difficult time putting these policies into practice. Schools need the support to make inclusion a reality in their buildings.

Tests That Look Like Video Games nprEd
How do you get students to be excited to take a test? Researchers measure the mind to see how students learn and “how they make decisions and how they respond to feedback” using web-based games.  In order to do well in the games—or tests—you need to learn something to move on to the next level.  The game will record the steps it took for the student to get to the right or wrong answer. Ultimately, Dan Schwartz, director of the AAA Lab at Stanford University, believes “the goal of education is to create independent thinkers who make good decisions… we need assessments that test how students think, not what they happen to know at a given moment.”

Research Roundup, July 7

By .(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address) on July 07, 2014

To help or not to help: The homework question Deseret News: National Edition

Traditionally, part of good parenting is helping your kids with their homework, but new research says that might be detrimental to your child's academic performance.

When the Teacher Is Depressed NY Times

In a study published last month in the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, [Lieny] Jeon and her co-authors found that behavioral problems were more common among 3-year-olds whose teachers reported depressed mood than among preschoolers whose teachers were not depressed. Such behavioral problems include inattentiveness, aggressiveness, emotional reactivity and anxious or depressive symptoms. The authors of the study suggest a couple of possible explanations for the link between teachers’ depression and children’s behavior problems.

Ethical Considerations In A Three-tiered Approach To School Discipline Policy And Practice Psychology in the Schools

Research indicates that school discipline policies and practices have a significant influence on both student and school functioning. The purpose of this article is to uncover how the ethical standards guiding the field of school psychology inform school decisions about discipline in a three-tiered approach. Various discipline approaches, empirical research evaluating the effectiveness of these approaches, and the role of school psychologists in school discipline decision making are reviewed. Ultimately, this integration of theory, empirical research, and ethical standards points to the importance of creating comprehensive and individualized school discipline policies that apply ethically sound practices at all three tiers of intervention. Implications for practicing school psychologists are discussed.

Mayworm, A. M. and Sharkey, J. D. (2014), ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS IN A THREE-TIERED APPROACH TO SCHOOL DISCIPLINE POLICY AND PRACTICE. Psychol. Schs.. doi: 10.1002/pits.21782

Ed school to share in $5 million grant Evanston Now

Northwestern and two other schools will share a nearly $5 million grant to create a new national center to study how educational leaders -- including school district supervisors and principals -- use research when making decisions.

This Research Roundup was compiled by Chanelle Spencer, Research Fellow at NSCC

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Research Roundup, June 9

By .(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address) on June 09, 2014

The Relationship Between Bullying and Suicide: What We Know and What it Means for Schools Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

In the past decade, headlines reporting the tragic stories of a young person’s suicide death linked in some way to bullying (physical, verbal, or online) have become regrettably common. There is so much pain and suffering associated with each of these events, affecting individuals, families, communities and our society as a whole and resulting in an increasing national outcry to “do something” about the problem of bullying and suicide. For this reason, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and other violence prevention partners and researchers have invested in learning more about the relationship between these two serious public health problems with the goal of using this knowledge to save lives and prevent future bullying.

Little Children and Already Acting Mean Wall Street Journal

Children still in kindergarten or even younger form cliques and intentionally exclude others, say psychologists and educators who are increasingly noticing the behavior and taking steps to curb it.

Integrating Social-Emotional Learning Into High School Education Week

"At this school, they go all out around the student's emotions," Jameisha, a 12th grader, told us. "They ask, they listen. I don't wake up and think, 'Oh I hope this don't happen.' I think, 'I'm OK. I'm fine. I'm ready to learn.'" At Jameisha's South Side Chicago high school, a full-on commitment to social and emotional learning, or SEL, has transformed the environment from a nightmare of urban violence to a place where students dream of college. And although the circumstances and challenges may differ at other public secondary schools, around the nation we are seeing a new recognition that social and emotional factors markedly affect academic engagement, achievement, and educational attainment in the adolescent years.

Youth bullying trends in the United States: Research and Data Journalist’s Resource

Youth bullying has become a high-visibility issue of concern for school districts and public officials in recent years. A majority of states now have anti-bullying laws on the books and the White House launched its first anti-bullying campaign in 2011. Many school districts across the United States have adopted bullying prevention programs, which can reduce the prevalence of bullying by an average of 20% according to one research meta-analysis.

This Research Roundup was compiled by Chanelle Spencer, Research Fellow at NSCC

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Research Roundup, May 8

By .(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address) on May 08, 2014

School to Prison Pipeline Funneling Children Into the System, Research Shows KTUL

Research shows that 2/3 of children not reading by 4th grade are headed to welfare, or prison. The school to prison pipeline is a national trend…Poor reading and school funding are one part of the school to prison pipline. But zero tolerance and suspensions are others

Suspensions hit minorities, special-ed students hardest, data show The Seattle Times

A new analysis of discipline data in nine Washington school districts shows that black and Native American students, as well as those in special education, are suspended and expelled at higher rates than the average student.

High School Graduation Rates Highest Ever, but Low-Income & Disabled Students Still Suffer, Especially in CA Latin Post

Statistics, studies, research and surveys for the last number of years have exposed flaws in the education in the U.S., as well as details and digits on how poorly U.S. teens are faring in high schools; however, new research has indicated that for the first time ever, U.S. high school graduation rates have peaked at 80 percent, according to a new report 2014 Building a GradNation: Progress and Challenge in Ending the High School Dropout Epidemic, released on April 28... Yes, that's good news, but the research does touch on the fact that the needs of low-income and disabled students still must be met.

This Is What Discrimination In Schools Looks Like Huffington Post

A recent guide from The National School Board Association (NSBA) on how to ensure student success includes an explainer on the reasons why students often leave school before graduating. According to the guide –- as well as various reports from the U.S. Department of Education and the Discipline Disparities Research-to-Practice Collaborative -- one of the factors that can contribute to student disengagement are disciplinary disparities that lead to higher suspension rates for students of color and students with disabilities.

This Research Roundup was compiled by Chanelle Spencer, Research Fellow at NSCC

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